THE SOIS OF TEMPERANCE:
PRONOUNCED IN LOUISVILLE,
lull) % 1S£G.
BY REV. JOHN II. HEYWOOD
DRAPIER & NOBLE— FOURTH STREET PRINTING LOOMS.
THE SONS OF TEMPERANCE:
PRONOUNCED IN LOUISVILLE,
3ub) 4, \$m.
BY REV. JOHN H. HEYWOOD.
DRAPIKR & NOBLE-FOURTH STREET PRINTING ROOMS,
Louisville, July 6, 184ti.
Respected Brother :
At a meeting of the Sons of Temperance, held at the Hall after the return of the
several Divisions fron the Procession on the 4th inst.,.the following resolution was
unanimously adopted :
" Resolved, That a Committee, consisting of the W. P.'s of the several Divisions
of this city, be appointed, to communicate to Brother Heywood the thanks of this
meeting for the forcible and beautiful Address to which we have just listened, and
to request from him a copy for publication."
In performing this duty, the committee are compelled, in justice to themselves,
to express their feelings of gratefulness for the dignified and noble eloquence with
which you advanced the claims of the Order to the respect and interest of the
That you may long be preserved, to promote, by your sound precept and pure
example, the cause of "Temperance, Benevolence, and Brotherly Love," is the
sincere wish of your Brothers in Love, Purity and Fidelity,
F. W. PRESCOTT, W. P. Division No. 9.
J. S, LOCKE, W. P. Division No. 5.
A. E. DRAPIER, W. P. Division No. 10.
A. G. MUNN, W. P. Division No. G.
A. W. VALLANDINGHAM, W, P. Division No. 7.
J. S. SPEED, W. P. Division No. 8.
Rev. J. H. Heywood.
Louisville, July 7, 1846.
With many thanks for the ktnd manner in which you have spoken of my
Address, and in the hope that it may prove useful, I comply with your request,
and herewith transmit a copy for publication.
Your Brother in Love, Purity and Fidelity,
JOHN H. HEYWOOD.
F. W. Prescott, W* P. DLy,. No. 9.
Brothers and Fellow Citizens :
The day, whose anniversary we celebrate, was a sacred
day. It was one of the great, the marked days of the
world; marked, because it was devoted to the establishment
of a great principle, the right and capacity in a people to
exercise self-government. This principle was not then
first advanced. Philosophy had again and again inscribed
it upon her page ; but then was it taken from the page,
where it had remained a beautiful abstraction, and ushered
into life. It is indeed a great principle; one of those prin-
ciples which contain in themselves the seeds of revolutions.
It is a principle which has given us a great and happy
Welcome then to the day which this sublime principle
consecrates ! and, as it returns from year to year, may it
be met by the glad anthems of praise. All honor to the
men who made it glorious ! May we esteem it a pleasure
and a solemn duty, from time to time, to revisit their
graves, as Old Mortality visited the graves of the Covenant-
ers, and deepen the lines which the finger of gratitude
has inscribed upon their tombstones. Cold and unthankful
should we be, not to acknowledge the debt due to them.
It is a lovely and interesting office of affection, to hang
evergreen wreaths around the monuments of the patriot
sires of the Republic ; but is this all that we can do? Is it
the highest tribute which we can pay their memory] Do
we most truly honor them, merely by singing praises to
them? If this were all, methinks it were poor honor ; like
the honor paid to Liberty by the degenerate men of the
Roman Empire, who composed orations in her praise, and
at the same time bent suppliant knees to the despot who
trampled liberty under foot. Our fathers not only felt for
their country and spoke in its behalf, but acted. Deeds,
deeds of heroism, of sacrifice and patriotism, formed their
language, a language of burning eloquence, whose meaning
was never misunderstood, whose force was never lost.
The^ not only resolved, in legislative assembly, to have a
country, but they went to work to obtain a country. They
not only desired a country, but they desired a true, a hap-
py country. For this end they lived, they toiled, and many
of them died. If then we would honor our ancestors, let
us not merely build splendid sepulchres to their memory,
but let us do, in our day, the work which they did in theirs.
Let us labor to make our country a true, a great, and a
happy country. Let us be patriots.
Patriotism ! What a thrilling interest hangs around that
word. It is a magic word — an open sesame, at the utter-
ance of which, the door of every heart is thrown open, and
all noble and generous feelings start from their sleep, and
spring into life. Now, what is patriotism, and who is tb.e
true patriot? Patriotism is, towards a country, that deep,
reverential sentiment, which glows in a child's heart
towards a parent; and the true patriot is he, who desires and
who labors to secure his country's welfare. And in what
consists the welfare of a country? What makes a true
country? Not wealth ; for, as in Mexico, a nation's wealth
may be its curse. Not forms of government ; for a nation
may be ground to dust in the name of liberty. It is the
character of its citizens. It is the men who make the
country ; not the country which makes the men. It was
the great and good men of the Revolutionary era, who
made our country great ; who enabled her at once, as soon
as born, to rank among the great nations of the world. As
it was then, so is it now. In our citizens, lies the character
of our country. The noblest institutions, the best govern-
ments, to us are nothing, without intelligent aud virtuous
men. In all countries intelligence and virtue are essentia',
but in ours vitally essential. They are not merely the
beautiful ornaments, with which the Corinthian columns of
our temple are adorned; they are the foundations on
which those columns rest, the imperishable stone of which,
they are formed. With them, our country may exist for
ages upon ages, to bless the world, a temple towards which
the. lovers of liberty from every clime, may reverently
turn to worship ; without them, it must crumble, like the
republics of the old world, and leave merely ruins for des-
pots to rejoice and patriots to weep over. He then is the
true patriot, who seeks to promote intelligence and virtue ;
the peculiar, the solemn, the everlasting office of patriot-
ism, is the creation of high-minded, intelligent, virtuous
We believe, therefore, that we are acting in accordance
with the spirit of this our great national birth-day, in
assembling as friends of Temperance ; for, to our minds it
is evident, that the success of the cause of Temperance is
identified with the prosperity of our land. The country
can truly prosper only when virtue and intelligence pre-
vail, and they can prevail only where Temperance reigns.
It is the fashion of many to affect to look down upon the
Temperance movement, and to speak of it with contempt.
If they choose so to speak, let them speak ; this is a free
country, and a man has a perfect right to speak as he may ;
with the wisdom of a Solomon, if he can, or as a fool, if he
will. But the fact of one's thus speaking about Temper-
ance, does not necessarily prove him to be a Solomon, nor
does it necessarily detract from the greatness of the cause.
That cause may still be the cause of the country. Let us
see. Certainly no one who has mind enough to compre-
hend, or heart enough to desire his country's welfare, can
need many words to convince him that that welfare and the
cause of Temperance are intimately blended. For in
what consists the welfare of a country? As every one
sees, in its virtue, its intelligence, and its happiness. These
are the three elements that constitute true national great-
ness. Without them, a country could not exist, or if it
could exist, it would not be worth having. Now which of
these elements can live under the blighting influence of
intemperance? Can virtue flourish where intemperance
prevails? Look at the records of crime in our land, and
answer the question. Go to your prisons, living tombs;
call forth their miserable inmates, and place them face to
face with the fiend intemperance. Visit your cemeteries,
where lie, in dishonored graves, the victims of vice and
crime. Call the pale tenants forth, and let them also con-
front the fiend. What a fearful meeting. The imagina-
tion almost recoils from the sight. It is like the meeting,
described by Milton, of Satan, Sin and Death, at the gates
of Hell. Listen to the language addressed by the misera-
ble offspring to their miserable sire : " It was thou," says
the haggard murderer, " that didst inflame my brain, and
nerve my arm to strike the deadly blow." " It was thou,"
says the adulterer, " who didst excite my passions, till in
wild riot they were ready to trample on laws human and
divine." "It was thou," says the robber, "who didst
impel me to burst open the door of innocence, and cast the
brand into the home of helplessness." And thus arise in
fearful array crimes and vices of every name, to claim and
curse intemperance as their Creator and Father. Of every
yice is he the friend — the foe of every virtue.
Is intemperance the friend of intelligence ? Can a drun-
ken community be an intelligent community? To ask such
a question is almost to insult a man of sense. For what is
intelligence? It is the result of the exercise of the intel-
lect, the mind; and can there be any such result of the
exercise of the mind, when the mind itself is debased and
rendered incapable of exercise?
Oh, intemperance ! terrible are the sacrifices made upon
thine altar ! We are horror-struck at the thought of the
wretched victims, crushed under the wheels of the car of
Hindostan's bloody God ; but what are these sacrifices
compared with thine, insatiable Fiend! Thou canst not be
content with the offering of bodies, but must feed thine
inexorable fires with immortal minds ! And what minds !
Alas ! not satisfied with dull and earthly creatures, whose
highest ambition is to grovel, worm-like, in the dust, thou
dost* demand the sacrifice of minds of etherial nature and
glowing with Heaven's purest flame. The mind of the
physician, whose exalted office it is to become a co-worker
with nature in her beneficent agencies ; the mind of the
mechanician, capable of penetrating nature's secret cham-
bers, to learn there mysterious processes to be reproduced
in inventions of wisdom and skill ; the mind of the astrono-
mer, at whose inquiries worlds would advance from the
depths of infinity, and stand ready to repeat the story of
their birth and unfold the laws of their being ; the mind of
the divine, to whose investigations the Scriptures would re-
veal unimagined stores of intellectual and spiritual wealth ;
the mind of the jurist, able to bring from the chancery of
heaven, laws of equity to rule the affairs of earth ; the mind
of the poet, before whose rapt vision scenes of celestial
loveliness would pass, from whose lips the magical words of
creative genius might fall ; — these, heaven's noblest, fairest
gifts are thine, costly offerings on thy terrible altar. Let
intemperance accomplish his work, let him triumph, and
the cause of education must be forever lost — the human
intellect will sink in sad, disastrous night.
Does intemperance promote the happiness of a nation]
Go, read the tales of woe, inscribed in tears and blood,
upon the tablet of many a heart. Ask that young man
whose head is bowed in shame at witnessing a father's
degradation, if he is happy. Ask that wife, 'who, sits trem-
bling and pale, through the long, drear night, till the very
stars, which had seemed to look with pitying eye upon her
loneliness, disappear ; ask her, as she sits, desiring yet
fearing the return of him, who once in his manliness vowed
to he her protector and friend, if she is happy. Ask the
patriot, when he sees the soldier, who claims to be the
guardian of his country's honor, reeling in loathsomeness
or raging in delirium, if he is happy. Ask the wretched
victim of this vice, when in his returning consciousness he
fancies every eye turned away in scorn, and when in his
degradation he scorns himself, if he is a happy man.
Intemperance produce happiness ! Yes, when the Upas
tree shall bear healthy fruit, and Vesuvius' lava-streams
shall fertilize Italy's mourning soil.
Such is a faint picture of the influence of intemperance
on the virtue, the intelligence, and the happiness of society.
Before its hot breath they wither, as withers the green
herb before the scorching blast from Africa's deserts ; and
when they are gone, what is left to a country? Nothing ;
nothing. There may yet be the form of a country, but it
is like the bodies of which we read, that haVe been pre-
served for hundreds of years by some mysterious process,
and apparently are as sound and fair as ever, but on being
touched, crumble to ashes. Such is the community on
which intemperance has done its work, a heartless, mind-
less, soulless, form.
Say not that the cause which would avert these evils,
which would meet and destroy this terrible foe, is an insig-
nificant one, or one to be regarded with contempt. Would
you have fit representatives of temperance and intemper-
ance, these two antagonists who have made our country
the scene of their fiercest conflicts? You have them in
two men who acted conspicuous parts in the Revolution-
ary war. In Benedict Arnold, the traitor, whose name
is ever sinking into lower and lower depths of a fathomless
infamy, you have a perfect representative of intemperance.
Perfect representative ! No, not so ; for the injury which
his treachery designed to inflict upon his country, is as
nothing to the calamities which intemperance can bring,
and means to bring upon our beloved land. Arnold would
have given up one strong-hold, which might perhaps have
been recovered ; intemperance would betray every strong-
hold, dismantle every fortress, and leave the land a prey
to every foe.
And in whom shall we find a just representative of the
temperance cause? In him, whose name is written in
characters of light among the stars of heaven ; whose
memory is enshrined in every sanctuary of liberty, whose
image is stamped on the great heart of mankind, and at
whose tomb —
" Honor comes, a pilgrim grey,
To bless the turf that wraps his clay,
And Freedom doth awhile repair,
To dwell a weeping hermit there."
Yes, in Washington, the great, the good, we find a glorious
representative of this sacred cause. In his devotion to his
country's welfare, in his anxious endeavors to give her a
commanding position among the nations of the world, are
symbolized the spirit and purpose of the cause, which aims
to save our country from every foe, and exalt her to thr
height of true greatness.
It was under the influence of motives, kindred to those
which inspired Washington and the other patriots of the
Revolution, that, about forty years since, some of the
wisest and best citizens of the union were induced to make
associated effort against intemperance. Proud were they
of their government, the noblest ever framed by man, and
grateful for their country, as lovely a country as the sun
in his wide course shines upon, but they saw that a vice
was spreading through the land, which would make the
purest government a mockery, and dispel the visions, which
had gladdened the heart of the patriot and philanthropist.
That was a dark day for feeling hearts and thinking minds.
For a time despair almost prostrated the friends of the
country, and they felt as, on a single occasion, Washing-
ton is reported to have felt, when, disheartened at the ob-
stacles around, and the almost impenetrable gloom, which
had settled over the nation's prospects, he was ready to
rush recklessly into the thickest of the battle, and sacrifice
a life, which could do no more for its native land. But as
Washington threw off the momentary despair, and made
new and more heroic efforts to save his country, so they
roused themselves to new exertions, and planted themselves
firmly against their country's foe.
It was from no narrow or mean feelings, that the first ef-
forts against intemperance w T ere made. Noble, expanded pa-
triotism, genuine, disinterested love for country and hu-
manity ; these were the high motives which animated the
first movers in the Temperance cause, and led them to rise
against the deadly enemy. To many their efforts seemed
useless, so widely extended and firmly based w T as his tyran-
ny. But their exertions were not useless. No sincere
and good action is ever lost. The mind of the community
was aroused. The attention of the old and young, men
and women, was arrested. Tens and hundreds and thou-
sands united themselves to this new and truly American
army. The cause steadily progressed. At times apparent-
ly it advanced rapidly, and at times apparently receded,
but its course was ever onward. New and more com-
manding positions were occupied. The banners floated
over many a hard fought field, and waved from the battle-
ments of many an impregnable fortress.
Steadily, and with gratifying but not startling success, the
cause advanced until in 1840, the community was surprised
by one of the most wonderful movements of the age. —
Then by an impulse, as viewless and apparently as resist-
less as the wind, thousands of persons, who had been re-
garded by others, who had regarded themselves, as in hope-
less bondage, arose in their might ; no, not their might, M
in the might of God, burst and cast aside the fetters which
had bound them, and stood forth redeemed and free men.
Oh, then, how many a heart, which had almost ceased to
beat under its pressure of hopeless anxiety, throbbed
again with the buoyancy of new life ; how many a glad
anthem burst from lips, which for years had given utter-
ance to no emotion of joy; and in how many an eye, which
had long known only the scalding tear of agony, glistened
the pearl of gratitude.
This happy movement gave birth to another. In 1842,
some of the men, who had been deeply interested in the
previous efforts, became desirous of forming an organiza-
tion, which would give permanence to the results already
obtained. They wished, moreover, to bring the great and
social principle of benevolence, into immediate and constant
connexion with the temperance cause. Hence resulted
the society, whose badge we wear, the Order of the Sons of
Temperance ; a society, which, though established less than
four years ago, Sept. 29, 1842, already numbers 14 State
Divisions, 650 subordinate Divisions, and more than 40,000
members. This astonishing success indicates how strong
a hold the Order has already obtained in the affections of
the community. Yet this success, though almost startlingly
great, ought not to surprise us, for rarely, if ever, has a
society been formed, possessed of so many attractive, so
few repulsive features. In fact, I know of but one feature
that can be seriously objectionable to any mind, its secrecy;
and to most minds this feature ceases to be objectionable,
when the design of the secrecy is understood, which is,
simply, to guard against imposition ; while, on the other
hand, it has many features singularly attractive. Its ser-
vices, while simple and unostentatious, arc at once interest-
ing and impressive. It is a powerful and efficient agent in
counteracting and preventing the terrible influences of in-
temperance ; for not only does it propose to remove the
evil, already inflicted, but also to prevent the infliction of
new evil, by cutting off its source. Its pledge is thorough
and comprehensive. Its members bind themselves " neither
to make, buy, sell, nor use as a bsverage, spiritous or malt
liquors, wine, or cider." It brings out into bold relief the
grand principle of benevolence, in the provision, which,
with wise forethought and truly Christian tenderness, it
makes for the suffering and afflicted, the widow and orphan.
Thus it recognises the solemn fact of human brotherhood,
and is helping to solve the great problem, the most interest-
ing of all the problems presented for solution in this age,
the peaceful, yet thorough, re-organization of society, and
its establishment on the basis of love, instead of selfishness.
Finally, the society is attractive, because it harmonizes
with the generous spirit of our country. Here we meet on
a common platform, irrespective of political and religious
differences, and, breathing together the atmosphere of be-
nevolence and charity, we forget, for a time at least, the
alienations which embitter life and take away the charm
of existence. These and other kindred features endear
the society to its members, and cause us to regard with
peculiar interest the neat and simple badge, in which are
symbolized the three great principles of love, purity, and
fidelity, which, we hope, may ever characterize the Order.
I have given this brief abstract of the history of the tem-
perance cause, to show that it had no mean origin, and has
no insignificant design. It had its birth in as high and no-
ble motives as ever actuated human beings, and its end is
no less than the welfare of a nation, of mankind. Tell me
not that it is a tame and uninteresting cause; that, if
successful, it will destroy the fascinations of social life,
rob genius of excitement, and patriotism of enthusiasm.
I know that under the exhilaration of the wine-cup,
the social circle has often sparkled with wit and merri-
ment; but I know, too, that that exhilaration has often
been followed by the languor of exhaustion, and the
lethargy of mental and moral death. I know that genius
has often sung under the inspiration of the sparkling glass ;
but I know, too, that that same genius, after flashing meteor-
like, for a while, over the heavens, has sunk in endless
night. Byron's genius burned and dazzled and bewildered
for a time, but how soon have its beams grown pale. The
genius of Milton, drank at the healthful spring, whence
welled forth the crystal water, and Paradise Lost lives, and
ever will live, to testify to the purity and power of his in-
spiration. I know that daring deeds have been performed
under the excitement of strong drink ; but I know, too, that
no braver deeds were ever performed than by .the chival-
rous Marion, the partizan hero of the Revolution. It was
from generous nature's cool fountain that he drank, and I
have yet to learn, that his heart ever failed, or his arm
was ever palsied in presence of his foes, though those foes
came on in the confidence and inspiration of rum.
Tell me not that genius and patriotism need the aid of
the wine-cup ; their fires are of heavenly nature, kindled
at heaven's altars, and shine by their own bright light.
Tell me not that life requires the excitement of intemper-
ance to become interesting. Has it not sources of undying
interest in its holy affections, which throw a charm over
home, and beauty over society ; which array existence irt
glory ? And never is its interest so intense, as when in the
clear healthful air of temperance^ these affections exhale a
daily fragrance, and these powers expand in ever-fresh
Hail then to the sacred cause, the cause of virtue, intel-
ligence and happiness! Could the venerable fathers of our
land speak to us from the spirit world, they would pro-
nounce heaven's blessings upon it, as the cause of our
country, of mankind. While living on earth, their coun-
try was ever present to their minds, an angel-form, vener-
able in dignity, lovely in beauty, and with a countenance
radiant with heavenly purity. Such she floated before
them, to gladden in the hour of triumph, to cheer in the
moment of gloom; such she revealed herself in the season
of solitude, when the rapt mind sought to penetrate the
future, and such she appeared, when the eye turned its
last fond glance on earthly things.
Heroically they lived ; happily they died ; for the vision
of a virtuous, an enlightened, and a happy country was
ever before them.
Let the generation, now living, be faithful to its duty,
and, by the blessing of God, their hopes shall be fulfilled,
their visions realized. Our country shall run a career of
true glory. Its course shall be, not the meteor's, which
burns to destroy, but the course of the beneficent sun,
whose beams warm and enlighten a world.